Ukraine s economic progress since its independence in the early 1990s has been uneven partly because of the slow pace of reforms, unfavorable demographic factors, and low productivity. One key factor that limits Ukraine s success is that the skills of its workforce do not adequately meet the needs of a modern economy. Although the country has achieved high literacy levels and has provided a majority of graduates with solid basic knowledge, the postsecondary education and training system fails to equip workers with the right advanced skills for labor market success.
Skills for a Modern Ukraine provides new evidence on the nature of skills that are valued in the labor market and proposes a set of policy options to improve the formation and use of skills. Household and firm surveys and a data set of online job vacancies show that workers need a mix of advanced cognitive skills (such as problem solving and communication), socioemotional skills (such as self-management and teamwork), and technical skills (such as computer programing or sale skills) to be successful in the labor market and meet employers demand. Policy makers should establishing steady links between educational institutions and enterprises (by establishing occupational standards and adapting curricula to firm demand) so that the goal is of the learning and development of skills for the labor market, rather than only attendance or government planning. To identify continuously the demand for skills and facilitate fruitful investments in skills formation, a labor market information system is needed. Nonetheless, forming better skills would be beneficial only if the workforce can put these skills to use with more flexible labor regulations.
Skills for a Modern Ukraine will be of particular importance to policy makers, researchers, and anyone else interested in human development and employment issues in Ukraine.
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